2012 Projects – a Local and Global Project
In 2012, One Dollar Day was all about children’s education – helping kids go to school because education is essential for a bright and secure future. One Dollar Day supported the following Save the Children projects:
Both projects have significant additional health benefits for the children and their communities, which has further increased the impact of every donation made through the 2012 campaign.
Your $1, and all the dollars donated to One Dollar Day in 2012 have been hard at work. Read about the direct impact they are making, and will continue to make, to the lives of children in Australia and Ethiopia. Thank you for your part in One Dollar Day and changing these children’s lives.
Global Project 2012
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene facilities and education at Girar Ambo School
600 students, 18 teachers, school life transformed
Around the world, 3.4 million people die each year from water, sanitation, and hygiene-related causes. Your support is improving the quality of education and health status of 600 children and 18 teachers at the Girar Ambo school in Ethiopia through Save the Children’s Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Project (WASH) program.
Children at the Girar Ambo school had described the situation at their school as “unclean, with no water facilities, and only one toilet block shared between boys, girls and teachers. There are no doors on the toilets and they are not well looked after, resulting in an awful smell. This leads students and teacher to avoid the facilities and go to the fields around the school to defecate, creating many health problems”.
The school WASH project is changing the situation for these children by undertaking the following:
- Constructed two blocks of child friendly toilets, for boys and girls, to ensure privacy and use of toilets;
- Provided a water harvesting system with a 25m2 capacity reservoir, to enable good hygiene practices and hand washing;
- Established a school WASH club and facilities management committee, lead by two boys and three girls, to ensure behaviour change.
The Girar Amba School students were also involved in consultancies as part of the project evaluation, finding the project has achieved a number of significant outcomes:
- 94% of females confirmed they have received specific education on menstrual hygiene, up from 49.2% prior to our project;
- student to latrine ratio is now in line with the national standards with the boy to latrine ratio of 103:1 and the girl to latrine ratio of 94:1. Prior to our project there was no gender separation and only one latrine;
- 84.8% of students were aware of the WASH school clubs that promote hygiene and sanitation messages.
Just ask Merima Hasen, 12yr old student, Girar Ambo School
“My name is Merima Hassen, I am grade three in Girar Ambo Full Cycle Elementary School. I stood 1st from my class this year. I like to go to school because I have a dream to join higher education and to be a doctor in the future. My families are illiterate and their source of income is farming. Our house condition is very poor, no window and ventilation. We cook and live in the same small room. Every morning, I clean the house and cook food before I leave to school. When I return back to home, I eat my lunch and fetch water 2.5 km away from home and collect firewood. I read my books and do my assignment at night using our local candles called kuraz.
Our school had only four seat one block traditional latrine for both girls and boys, with no privacy, bad smell, excreta inside and outside the latrine and many flies. As a result, students didn’t use the latrine. Thank you for Save the Children Australia and International, we will have gender and child friendly WASH facilities in school, systems are in place for operation & maintenance and school WASH club trained on sanitation & hygiene promotion. And also I found the club to be helpful in educating us with hygiene and sanitation practices and transferring message to our family members.”
Local Project 2012
Northern Territory Indigenous School Attendance Program
78 Aboriginal students, school attendance and engagement transformed
For some Australian kids there are many barriers to getting to school, and yet school attendance is essential for children’s wellbeing and all life outcomes. Nowhere is there a greater need for services that connect, engage and include children in education than for Aboriginal children.
Thanks to your support of One Dollar Day, school attendance has improved for 78 children from four communities in Darwin – Knuckeys Lagoon, Minmarama Park, Bagot and Gurdorrka. Through Save the Children’s School Attendance Program, the overall average school attendance rate across the four communities has increased to 72 percent, with 10 primary school children achieving 100 percent attendance and 26 primary school children achieving 90 percent attendance.
Just ask Aaliyah, Dray and Nikola, Bagots Community, Darwin
Aaliyah is eight years old and lives in Bagot, Darwin. Aaliyah had 20 percent school attendance before the support of Save the Children. She now has a 100 percent attendance rate. Aaliyah said, “I like coming to school every day. I like catching the bus in the morning. I always play with my friends at school, we have big mob fun.”
Dray is 12 years old and lives with his family in Bagot, Darwin. Dray has also achieved 100 percent attendance and is involved in sports. Dray said that, “Going to school makes me feel good and proud of myself. It is good when I learn about new things at school.”
Eleven-year-old Nikola is now achieving 100 percent school attendance which is a great increase from previous years. Nikola said that, “Attending school makes me feel good. I really love coming to school and being with all my friends. Makes me want to learn a lot of different things.”
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Schools
Imagine going to school and having no clean water to drink or safe, clean place to go to the toilet. This is what many children in Ethiopia face every day.
- 34.2% of primary schools and 67.8% of secondary schools do not have water, sanitation or hygiene facilities such as clean water or toilets.
Each year an estimated 381,000 children under the age of five die in Ethiopia, 20% are due to diarrhoeal diseases caused by the lack of access to water, sanitation and hygiene services.
While rarely discussed alongside the “big three” attention-seekers of the international public health community—HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria—one disease alone kills more young children each year than all three combined. It is diarrhoea, and the key to its control is hygiene, sanitation, and water.
Bulletin of the World Health Organisation, 2008. Boschi-Pinto C, Velebit L, Shibuya K, 2008. Estimating child mortality due to diarrhoea in developing countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation, 86: 710–71
The Amhara region of Ethiopia where Save the Children is working, is one of the worst affected regions in the country for diarrhoeal disease. A recent survey found that:
- 71.2% of primary and secondary schools do not have water supplies;
- 26% do not have any sanitation;
- only 48% of the population has access to clean water;
- only 38% of the population has access to toilets;
- 28% of women travel more than 30 minutes to fetch water.
School sanitation and hygiene facilities are essential. Without them, diseases can be transmitted and spread quickly. Diarrhoeal disease inhibits children from attending school and exacerbates pre-existing problems such as malnutrition. Providing water, sanitation and hygiene in schools improves both education and health for children.
Funds collected on 1$day will support Save the Children Australia who is working with 38 schools in South Wollo Zone of the Amhara region to improve their water, sanitation and hygiene facilities, and help more children attend school.
The program will also educate children on the importance of sanitation and hygiene, helping to create a healthy generation. The school environment presents a real opportunity for communicating and impacting behaviour change. Save the Children UK has shown how a new generation of sanitation champions can be created in schools who carry the positive message to their homes and communities and change even adult behavior.
Improved water quality reduces childhood diarrhea by 15-20%, but better hygiene through hand washing and safe food handling reduces it by 35% and safe disposal of faeces leds to a reduction of nearly 40%.
IRC International Water and Sanitation paper on Hygiene Promotion
• To provide child and gender friendly water and sanitation facilities for schools that do not have any.
• To improve the hygiene practice among school children, their families and communities.
• To improve the management of water, sanitation and hygiene facilities and promotion through good governance and child participation. Additionally, the project works with girls to address menstrual hygiene management improving their access to education.
• Reach students in primary schools aged 6-12, with some older students who have repeated years.
• Each school will have an average of 1000 children benefiting with indirect beneficiaries of around 10,000 as we anticipate their communities will also use these facilities.
School health and nutrition programs ensure access to proper sanitation and handwashing facilities and create meaningful changes in hygiene behavior. Hand washing alone has been shown to reduce diarrheal episodes, one of the most common illnesses in children, by 30%.
2- 2Ejemot R et al (2008). Hand washing for preventing diarrhoea (Review).The Cocrane Library vol 1.
Aboriginal School Attendance
For some Australian kids there are many barriers to getting to school, and yet school attendance is essential for children’s wellbeing and all life outcomes. Nowhere is there a greater need for services that connect, engage and include children in education than for aboriginal children.
Sadly for Aboriginal children:
- only 15% of Aboriginal 3-year-olds from remote areas attend pre-school.
- only 34% of children living in remote areas attend school.
The long term result of this disadvantage is evident in the Aboriginal Year 12 retention rate of just 45.3%, compared to the non-Aboriginal Year 12 retention rate of 86.3%.
In the Northern Territory alone, an estimated:
- 2,000 Aboriginal children (20%) are not enrolled in school
- 8,000 Aboriginal children attend school only 60% of the time (FaHCSIA, 2009).
Funds collected on 1$day will support the Save the Children School Attendance Program which improves learning and life outcomes by:
- increasing school attendance early in life;
- positively impacting school engagement among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians aged 4-18 years;
- positively impacting the children, their families and communities.
If a child attends school regularly they will have greater opportunities and much better prospects of getting a job and being able to support themselves and a family.
Dr Chris Burns, NT Education Minister, 27/1/10
Increasing school attendance is critical because education is clearly connected with better life outcomes.
The School Attendance Program works across eight primary schools throughout the Northern Territory.
This award winning program involves locally respected community members, Family Support Workers and partnerships with the communities and the schools. The program develops a morning routine for children including transporting the children to and from school. It also involves the encouragement and assistance with homework, food supplies and family assistance as needed.
Another unique part of this program is the Family Support Worker, who identifies at-risk children, those who may be facing conflict at home and also refers on children that may have developmental delays. They also provide families with additional support if needed, such as help with housing, health care or accessing other services that may be impacting the child’s ability to learn.
The School Attendance Program has been able to raise the average attendance rate across the 2011 school year to 75% for the children who are enrolled in our program. This is significantly higher than the urban national average of only 60%.
Save the Children Australia
Thank you for supporting Aussie kids in their access and commitment to school.